TOURING THE PLANT SECTION OF THE FARM

Welcome to our farm tour! This tour gives you the opportunity to experience what life on a farm feels like. The farm which we have selected for the tour is divided into two sections – the animal and plant sections. In this article, we’ll be showing you some of the interesting things to look out for when you visit the plant section of the farm. Here are some features of the farm’s plant section:

  • Organic Vegetable Garden

An organic vegetable garden is a type of garden where vegetables and plants are grown without the use of artificial fertilizers or chemicals. This simply means that, all the plants in the garden are grown naturally and only depend on natural nutrients for their nutrition and growth. Vegetables gotten from organic gardens are good for your health because they are 100% natural and contain all the necessary nutrients that your body needs.

Due to the increasing demand for organic foods, lots of people are planting organic vegetable gardens. However, there are few important factors that must be considered before an organic vegetable garden is cultivated. They include:

  1. Soil: Since no chemicals or artificial fertilizers will be added to support the growth and nutrition of the vegetables and plants, the organic garden needs to cited in a place with very fertile soil. Before the planting begins, the soil needs to be tilled, to loosen it. After tilling, organic fertilizers or compost manure can be added to the soil, to enhance its performance.

Note: It’s important to avoid artificial fertilizers, as using them will defeat the purpose of the garden.

 

  1. Location: The location of an organic garden is very important; it largely determines how well the plants in the garden will do. For example, vegetables need a lot of sunlight to produce their own food (photosynthesis) and grow, so planting them in an area without sunlight would affect them negatively.

 

  • Vegetable Type: There are different kinds of vegetables out there, but not all are suitable for an organic vegetable garden. While some vegetables are prone to pest attacks and diseases, some others are disease-resistant and can do well even with low-maintenance. Organic vegetable farmers usually avoid the former and go for the latter. Here’s why: The main goal for planting an organic garden is to grow vegetables without the use of chemicals. So while planting, it’s important to avoid vegetable seeds that’ll require pesticide treatment in the future.

 

  1. Planting Technique: Most vegetable seeds come with planting instructions, boldly written on their packages. Vegetables like that require special care, and the instructions must be followed for them to thrive. Depending on the type of vegetable, the seeds can either be planted in a pot and later transferred to the soil or planted directly in the ground.

 

  1. Watering: Different vegetables need different amounts of water to survive. While some need to stay moist for most part of the day, others just need a little water for their survival. During watering, the vegetable leaves are avoided, because wet leaves attracts pets – it’s better to water the roots.
  • Medicinal Herb Garden

A medicinal herb garden is a type of garden where different kinds of medicinal plants are grown with the goal of serving the needs of general health maintenance. You may be wondering, “what are medicinal plants then?”

A medicinal plant is described as any type of plant that can be used to cure or prevent certain kind of diseases in the human body. You may not know this but the truth is, about 25% of all prescription drugs are gotten from plants and over 70% of pharmaceuticals are made from components found in plants. To a large extent, medicinal plants have provided mankind with different kinds of potent drugs to help reduce the prevalence of infections and chronic diseases. Millions of people across the world use plant-based drugs, and despite the continuous advancement in synthetic drugs, some of the plant-derived drugs still remain important and relevant. Medicinal plants can be used or consumed in different forms. They can be used as powders, salves, herbal baths and teas, extracts or syrups.

As you take a walk around the medicinal herb garden, the tour guide will show you over 30 different kinds of herbs and also explain their uses to you. Below is a list of herbs you’ll likely come across.

  1. Ackee (Leaf): One of the most popular foods in Jamaica is the combination of Ackee leaf and salted cod fish. Locals call it “Ackee and salt fish”. The Ackee leaf can also be used to make tea. It is believed that tea made from ackee leaves can treat colds and flu.
  2. Aloe Vera: The Aloe Vera plant has a lot of medicinal benefits. It can be used to fight infections, support the immune system, decrease the inflammation in arthritis, improve the skin, cure ulcers and heartburn, and improve cardiovascular health.
  • Annatto: No part of the annatto plant is a waste; the bark, leaves and seeds can be used for medicinal purposes. This herb is the major ingredient in a product called Cumsee Lotion which can be used to treat ulcers, lower blood pressure, reduce pain etc.
  1. Basil: Tea made from this herb can serve as a remedy for stomach upset.
  2. Bissy (Kola Nut): The Jamaicans call kola nut “Bissy”. It is a herb popularly known for it’s ability to neutralize poison in the body. However, it can also be used to reduce menstrual cramp pains and cure nausea, headaches, vomiting, indigestion, rheumatism, jaundice etc.
  3. Cerasee: The Cerasee plant produces a bitter taste when boiled, however, people still consume Cerasee tea because of it’s ability to cure stomach upsets.
  • Cinnamon: Normally, cinnamon leaves are used as spices in the preparation of foods, however, they can also be boiled and consumed as a remedy for stomach upset, cold and vomiting.

Fever Grass: In other parts of the world, this medicinal plant is known as ‘lemon grass’. However, Jamaican locals prefer to call it fever grass because of its curative properties – it is believed that a tea made from fever grass is a good remedy for fever. Fever grass can also be used to cure headaches, stomach aches and urinary infections.

 

LEARNING ABOUT THE DIFFERENT ANIMALS THAT LIVE ON THE FARM

Welcome to our farm tour! This farm tour gives you the opportunity to experience what life on a farm feels like; you’ll get to learn about different farm animals, see how their products are made, eat locally grown food and also participate in certain farm activities alongside some of the farm workers. Furthermore, your kids can learn a lot of important lessons from participating in this farm tour. Taking your children around the farm and allowing them engage in certain activities (such as feeding farm animals) can be a great way to teach them about the cycle of life and show them where their food comes from.

Different kinds of animals can be found on a farm, including pigs, goats, chicken, rabbits, cows, sheep, etc. However, in this article, we’ll be talking about rabbits and chicken only. Let’s begin with chickens.

  •  
  • Rabbits
Rabbits

Rabbits are used as characters in most children stories and cartoons. This could be as a result of the gentle nature of these beautiful animals. Just like chickens, there are different kinds of rabbits out there, and they all have different habitats and diets.

What Are The Different Kinds Of Rabbits?

If you’re asked to mention the names of a few rabbits you know, you could easily call out names of famous rabbits in books, cartoons, or stories. However, do you know the names of the different types of rabbits that live both in the farm and in the wild? Let’s find out more about these beautiful animals.

Rabbits are mammals – meaning that they are warm-blooded and give birth to their young ones alive. There are over 30 different species of rabbits living in the wild, and they usually weigh around 1-4 pounds. Rabbits can also be domesticated. The practice of breeding rabbits for their meat, fur or wool is known as cuniculture. Rabbit ranches can be found in so many farms around the world.

Some popular rabbit species include New Zealand White, Californian white, Eastern Cottontail, Chinchilla, French lop, Dutch, Checkered Giant, Giant Flemish, Angora and Rex. The Eastern cottontail is a wild specie of rabbit that has a white tail which looks like a cotton ball.

Where Do Rabbits Live?

Rabbits mostly live in groups. Undomesticated rabbits can be found in forests, grasslands, and meadows. They dig burrows and tunnels underground, where they take shelter and give birth to their young ones. They are able to dig these holes with the help of their sharp long claws.

Domesticated rabbits live in a cage called a hutch, where they eat and reproduce. Males are known as bucks while the females are called does.

What Do Rabbits Eat?

Rabbits mainly eat plants. While domestic rabbits may eat carrots and some other vegetables, wild rabbits may prefer to eat grasses and leaves. Carrots and vegetables are good for rabbits, but they are also fed with fruits and hay to ensure a balanced diet.